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雅思口语Part 3答题技巧听语音

发布时间:2017年05月18日
      方法/步骤
      一)题目的性质从原来较为生活化的Part 1和Part 2转化为Part3中带有强烈学术意味的考题。比如How does scientific research benefitspace, medical, environmental and information technologies? 该题问科学研究给现代技术带来怎样的好处。
     
      二) 很多考题不再注重具体的细节描述或陈述,而转向考察考生的抽象思维能力。比如Does money bring people more happiness or make them less secure? 该题问钱会给人带来幸福,还是使人更不安全。
     
      三)有相当数量的题目会让考生去对某个话题进行评估(Assessment),特别是利弊方面的评估;还有些考题让你对未来进行猜测(Speculation),让你说10年或20年之后某事物将会怎么样。比如In your opinion, what languages will become morepopular in the future? 该题要你猜测将来什么语言会变得流行起来。当然,你还必须说明理由。
      总的来说,Part 3已经超越了日常生活层面,进入到人的深层思维体系之中。它着重的是四样东西:world views(世界观),beliefsystems(信仰体系),values(价值观),attitudes(态度)。要把这些东西说好,除了平时的语言功底和随机应变的能力以外,考生还需要具备一些人文方面的素养。
      虽然Part 3的问题错综复杂,但根据资深教师的教学及实战经验,我们完全可以把所有Part 3的考题分为以下的九个大类,每一大类都含有若干典型的问话套路:
     
      一)阐述原因(Giving reasons)
      Why do you think …?
      Why is it important to do…
      Do you think …? Why (not)?
      Is it a good idea to (do…)? Why (not)?
      二)预测未来(Providing speculations)
      How do you see … changingin the future?
      Do you think that in thefuture people will …?
      What do you think willhappen to … in the future?
      In your opinion,which/what … will become more … in the future?
      三)描述侧面(Describing various aspects)
      In what ways …?
      What kind/sort/type of …?
      How important is it for …to (do …)?
      How has … changed (in yourcountry) in the last … years?
      四)维护立场(Defending your choice)
      Is it better to (do …) or(do …)?
      Should people always … oris it a good idea sometimes to (do …)?
      Which is more important toyou: … or …?
      Which do people in yourcountry prefer: … or …?
      五)利用常识(Using your common sense)
      Any yes-no question thatinvolves a clearly positive or negative answer
      Any question that asks youabout the roles, responsibilities and general qualities of a social group
      Any question that asks youabout common knowledge, everyday experience and traditional culture
      六)提供方案(Offering solutions)
      What can … do to (do …)?
      What can be done to (do…)?
      What do you think is thebest way for … to (do …)?
      Are there other wayspeople can …, apart from …? How?
      七)因果关联(Connecting causes with effects)
      What effect has … had on…?
      How has … affected …?
      Are there any negativeeffects of … doing …? What are they?
      What do you think causes …to …?
      八)对比异同(Comparing similarities and differences)
      How does … compare with …?
      How do you compare … with…?
      Do you think … wasdifferent for your grandparents?
      What are similarities anddifferences between … and …?
      九)陈述利弊(Illustrating advantages and disadvantages)
      What are the advantages anddisadvantages of …?
      What are the differentadvantages of … and …?
      What do you think theirdisadvantages are?
      How do people in yourcountry feel about (a controversial issue)?
      从《剑桥雅思》的口语出题风格来看,一般一套口语题的Part3部分会有6道问题,这一点大家可以参阅《剑一》到《剑七》的真题。下面的这套题从place到travel/tourism再到old buildings/historic buildings,提出了一系列问题:
      Why do you think peoplelike to travel to different places?
      → 第一类:阐述原因(Giving reasons)
      How do you see tourismchanging in your country in the future?
      → 第二类:预测未来(Providing speculations)
      Why is it important toprotect the countryside?
      → 第一类:阐述原因(Giving reasons)本文
      In what ways is thecountryside in danger in your country?
      → 第三类:描述侧面(Describing various aspects)
      Why are historic buildingsand monuments important to a city?
      → 第一类:阐述原因(Giving reasons)
      Is it better to keep oldbuildings, or build new modern ones?
      → 第四类:维护立场(Defending your choice)
      由此可见,任何Part 3的问题都可以归入以上九大类中的某一类。在本系列的后面九讲中,针对每一类问题的特殊性,为大家一一分析破解它们的方法,也希望广大“烤鸭”们能切实利用这些方法来为自己的考场发挥添砖加瓦。
      总的来说,雅思口语考试Part 3作为考试中第三部分,也是最困难的一个部分,所以把握好总结的雅思口语考试Part 3答题技巧也就非常重要.


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